Have you ever heard about Quinoa? This seed is gaining popularity in recent years because it’s healthy source of nutrition. Quinoa contains amino acid, which our body can’t produce by itself. Aside from its nutritious content, Quinoa is also versatile, practically it can be made into various dishes. When talking about versatility the Italian staple food probably come to mind. Pasta is also known to be served with many different kind of sauces and condiments. In this article we will give you information about Quinoa and Pasta.
Here is what you can learn after reading our article:
1. What is Quinoa and where the seed came from?
2. Where the plant is originated from?
3. Quinoa and Pasta nutritional value
4. What is Pasta and what Pasta is made from?
5. Pasta kind and shapes
6. Comparison between Quinoa and Pasta
Quinoa is a plant from the amaranth family. The plant is grown for grain crop because its edible seeds, and Quinoa is actually an annual plant. Instead of grass, Quinoa fall into pseudo cereal botanically related to spinach and amaranth. Before the seed is ready to be consumed, the bitter outer seed coat has to be removed first from Quinoa. Quinoa is a versatile ingredient, it can be made into many dishes. Quinoa has similar nutrients to wheat and rice, such as moderate amounts of protein, dietary fiber, and minerals. Quinoa is also gluten free.
Origin of Quinoa
Quinoa plant is originated from Andean region in South America. The plant was domesticated 3000 to 4000 years ago by the people lived around Lake Titicaca basin of Peru and Bolivia. However from the archaeological evidence that has been found and studied, it is shows that the plant was already consumed by livestock for about 5200 to 7000 years ago.
Quinoa plant can be cultivated in coastal region to over 4000 m in the Andes near the equator, with most cultivars being cultivated between 2.500 m and 4000 m. Quinoa have many variety and where it can be cultivated is depend on the variety. The optimal conditions to grow Quinoa are in cool climates with temperatures that vary between -4°C during the night to near 35°C during the day.
According to Wikipedia, Raw Quinoa contains 13% water, 64% carbohydrates, 14% protein, and 6% fat. In each 100 grams of Quinoa is known can fulfill 20% of daily value of protein, dietary fiber, several B vitamins, including 46% daily value for folate and dietary minerals. After the Quinoa is cooked, which is typical procedure before eating it. The nutrition are collectively and substantially reduced. After it is cooked Quinoa is 72% water, 21% carbohydrates, 4% proteins, and 2% fat. In 100 grams of cooked Quinoa can provide us with 120 calories, 30% manganese, 22% phosphorus, 10-19% dietary fiber, 46% folate, 355 iron, 33% zinc, and 55% magnesium.
What is Pasta?
Pasta is an Italian staple food made from durum semolina and eggs or water. Pasta also can be made with different kind of flour but the authentic Italian Pasta must be made with semolina. Fresh Pasta is made with flour and eggs, while dried Pasta is commonly made with flour and water. Dried Pasta was made with water to make it last longer when being sold.
Both dried Pasta and fresh Pasta is available in many different shapes and sizes. The common forms of Pasta are long shapes, short shapes, tubes, flat shapes and sheets, miniature soups shapes, filled Pasta, and decorative shapes. According to Wikipedia, today there are at least 310 specific known Pasta shapes and over 1300 names having documented. Pasta in Italian cuisine can be categorized into 3 kinds of dishes. Pasta asciutta is a Pasta serve with sauce or condiment in a plate. Pasta in Brodo is Pasta in soup type dish. The last is al forno where the Pasta is cooked incorporate into a dish that subsequently baked.
Dried Pasta that we commonly consume today was become popular in the 14th and 15th centuries, because of it’s easy to store feature. About a century later Pasta is widely available all around the world. Unlike fresh Pasta, dried Pasta needs to be dried at low temperature for several days to evaporate all the moisture, so the Pasta can be stored for a longer period. It is said that dried Pasta is best served with ragu, in soups or casseroles. When dried Pasta is cooked, the size will increase by double of its original size. One pound dried Pasta can be cooked to serve up to 4 people.
When cooked Pasta may contains 62% water, 31% carbohydrates (26% from starch), 6% protein, and 1% fat. 100 grams of non-enriched cooked Pasta able to provide 160 calories and a moderate level of manganese (about 15% from daily value). It also contains 2% thiamine, 2% riboflavin, 3% niacin, 2% pantothenic, 4% Vitamin B6, 2% folate, 1% calcium, 4% iron, 5% magnesium, 8% phosphorus, 1% potassium, and 5% zinc.
Quinoa vs Pasta
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Quinoa and Pasta are clearly two different things. Quinoa is famous for its nutritious and a healthy food. While Pasta is known as the famous Italian staple food. When trying to compare Quinoa and Pasta, I think we have to see it from two sides. First is the nutrition content, it is clear that Quinoa is far more nutritious than Pasta. The second is taste, Quinoa does not have any taste, and Pasta also does not have any taste. However Pasta is commonly served with many delicious sauces, which make Pasta everybody’s favorite. While Quinoa is commonly served into many kind of healthy dishes. The choice is all yours.